Fieldwork and Conservation
MORLEY PARK BLAST FURNACES – 15 April 2020 10:30-12:30
Join the Industrial Archaeology Section to help with our annual ‘Spring Clean’ of the site – picking litter, clearing undergrowth and minor repairs. Access is via the lane leading to Morley Park Farm, off Street Lane, south of Ripley, postcode DE5 8HT. Park just beyond the bridge under the A38. There is then a 500 metre walk along a farm track and over a grass field to reach the furnaces at grid reference SK350492.
These furnaces were built for Francis Hurt of Alderwasley to produce iron from iron ore and coal, both of which were mined in the immediate vicinity of this site. The first furnace (centre left in the photograph below) was built in around 1780, making it one of the earliest blast furnaces in Derbyshire to use coke rather than charcoal to smelt the iron. It was rebuilt in 1818 and the second furnace was added a little later. Power for the cold air blast was provided by a steam engine.
The furnaces were charged at the top with coke, iron ore, and limestone by using an embankment with possibly a small bridge. For the smelting process to work, the limestone was needed as a flux: it was obtained about three miles away at Crich. The furnaces produced both cast items and “pig” iron, some of which was converted at Alderwasley forge to wrought iron.
The furnaces continued in use until the 1870s by which time they were technologically very outdated. The industrial surroundings have since been obliterated by open cast coal mining. The furnaces, which were consolidated by the Derbyshire Historic Buildings Trust in the 1980s, are a rare survival nationally and unique in Derbyshire.
The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument in the guardianship of the Derbyshire Archaeological Society.